11 TIPS FOR A GOOD MAINTENANCE OF YOUR CAR
The passage through the ITV proves that the vehicle meets the necessary technical conditions for traffic. However, the proper functioning of it is closely related to the maintenance we make of it, whether gasoline, diesel, hybrid or electric.
Inspect and maintain tyres
Knowing how to maintain the tire pressure in your car can help reduce tire wear and improve stability. To check the tyre pressure, check the pressure recommended by the manufacturer by inflating or deflating the tyres to the weighing value. Most light passenger cars have a tyre pressure between 2 and 3 bar.
A tire without the proper pressure is a hazard to the occupants of the vehicle, and it also affects the car’s deterioration. In case of puncture, the risk increases if we do not have the correct pressure on the wheels. There are several preventative steps that can be taken to help prevent a blowout, for example performing the rotation of tires every 8,000 to 16,000 kilometers and observing them to check their condition.
Change the oil
A good practice would be to check the oil levels and their condition. This helps to keep the engine in good condition. It is advisable to check the oil periodically and change it according to the instructions given in the vehicle maintenance manual.
You could change the oil yourself or take it to an authorized workshop or a specialized center. If you are going to do it yourself, be sure to follow the steps indicated in the manual, in particular for the extraction of the liquid, filling the tank to the appropriate oil level and bringing the used oil to the recycling center.
You should also know what type of oil is most suitable for your car’s engine. It is interesting to consider parameters such as the viscosity of the oil, whether using synthetic or nonsynthetic oil and the mileage of the car in question.
Check the car fluids
There are several fluids that must be kept at the appropriate levels to help keep the car running properly. Generally, you should check:
- Motor oil
- Power steering fluid
- Brake fluid
- Transmission fluid
A leak with any of these fluids can affect the way your car works. If you detect a leak, you may be able to identify the liquid by its color. This can help you determine where the leak is coming from and, also, can help speed up the repair process.
Maintaining the good state of the lights
A broken or burned bulb is a safety risk and could cost you more than one upset. It’s important to know how to detect and replace a fused bulb. If a light is fused or not, you can change it yourself or put yourself in the hands of professionals to determine if it is the bulb or fuse that needs to be replaced.
Headlights are key elements for safety in your car. Consider taking some additional steps to help keep them bright, such as cleaning lenses, polishing, or replacing pilots’ glasses when they start to darken.
Replace the windscreen wipers
If your windshield wipers don’t work as before, don’t let the problem persist. Damaged or worn brushes can reduce visibility during heavy rain or a snowstorm. Knowing how to inspect your wipers regularly and replace them when needed is one way to help maintain your car.
Change the engine air filter
A dirty engine air filter can allow dirt and other particles to reach the car’s engine and reduce its efficiency, performance and service life. If necessary, inspect and replace your car’s air filter according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Make regular reviews
This is an important and mandatory part for car maintenance. Some routine car care tasks, like the ones we’re listing for you, can be done at home, but others require specialized technicians. Take your car to the garage if the engine control pilot turns on. Professionals can diagnose the problem through the OBD connector located inside the car.
An authorised workshop may also inspect and replace other basic components such as alternator and wheel bearings. Following the manufacturer’s program of reviews helps to ensure proper maintenance of the car and prevent possible breakdowns that may arise.
Brake maintenance and checking
Your car’s brake pads also require regular inspection. While driving, pay attention to any noise related to braking or brake pedal vibration. If you notice any unusual sounds, check with an authorized workshop.
Wash the car
The maintenance of the car is also related to its cleanliness. It is exposed to the inclemencies of the weather, driving on roads in bad condition, the sap of the trees, excrement of birds, etc. All this favors the dirt, oxidation and corrosion of the vehicle. Some of these hazards are not only unsightly, but can cause damage to the paint and landing gear.
Keeping the car clean can help prevent long-term damage. Therefore, it is important to wash it regularly.
Check restraining straps and hoses
Having the belts and distribution chains in good condition can help keep your car in good working order. Each manufacturer recommends their change depending on the kilometers or the years. Therefore, check your maintenance manual. For example, if a belt breaks while driving, it can cause many car systems to fail.
Don’t forget that car insurance is mandatory
Compulsory insurance in force is mandatory. Failure to carry it or its expiration can lead to immobilization of the vehicle, administrative penalty and not be able to perform the ITV. A good piece of advice would be to review the expiration date so as not to be surprised.